SUNDANCE PALIMPSEST, Wax as a Sundial
by Christina Stadlbauer

The Sun’s Daily Movement Recorded in a Heliographic Pamphlet

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For Bees the sun plays an essential role and they use solar orientation for navigating. Honeybees are the only animals that can produce beeswax with their bodies. The bees use their wax as main structure of the nest.

Sundance Palimpsest is a narrative on the close relationship between the sun and beeswax. It is inspired by the principles of measuring time by observing the movement of the sun in the sky. The daily path of the sun across the sky is recorded on sheets of wax. These recordings are geographically specific and tell of the passing of time.

The installation Wax as a Sundial is inspired by the principles of measuring time by observing the movement of the sun.The daily path of the sun across the sky is recorded on sheets of beeswax. Every day, a new sheet captures the solar radiation and makes a print of the day. The collection of daily recordings tells of the passing of time. The sun’s angle and radiation changes with its geographic location, resulting in very site specifc recordings.


The Sundance Palimpsest is an artwork by Christina Stadlbauer. It was first exhibited in Kaisaniemi Botanic Garden, Helsinki in 2014 and in the exhibition “Semi-wild Gardens” in Kouvola Taidemuseo in 2015, and in 2018 at the exhibition Maailmassa in Vuojoki, Finland.